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Children’s orthodontic issues

Would you like to know if your child is suffering from any abnormalities in their mouth?

The best way to find out is to bring your child to an orthodontist at age seven for a check-up. This will allow the orthodontist to discover any issues regarding your child’s teeth, jaw or facial irregularities.

Avoiding visiting an orthodontist because you think your child has no issues is not recommended, as some issues are not always immediately apparent. Further, the orthodontist can check out for issues relating to your child’s permanent teeth (adult teeth).

We will discuss all the most common orthodontic issues which children suffer from.

Common orthodontic issues for children


Crowding means there is not enough room for teeth to fit normally along your child’s jaw. This can be the result of a displaced or small jaw, dental trauma or irregular teeth sizes.

Crowded teeth can prevent good oral hygiene, and treatment such as partial braces can help bring teeth into place.

Abnormal Eruptions

Abnormal eruptions happen when a tooth begins emerging through the gum but is located in the wrong spot. Teeth which do not grow fully through or erupt abnormally can be extracted to prevent issues later on.

Too much space

Happens when either the teeth are too small relative to the jaw; or when teeth don’t grow at all or are lost too early.


The top teeth do not line up correctly and are positioned slightly behind the bottom teeth when the jaw closes, causing problems chewing and eating. Partial braces or rapid palatal expanders can be used to help treat crossbites in children.


Result of the lower teeth extending out further than the upper teeth, creating an underbite. Common causes are undergrowth of the upper jawbone, or overgrowth of the lower jawbone. The earlier this issue is diagnosed, the chances of simple intervention methods which help avoid chances of requiring jaw surgery to fix the underbite.


Result of the upper teeth extending way down past the lower teeth, basically completely covering them while the jaw is closed. This issue is referred to as a “deep bite” and can cause dental wear and discomfort. Overbites can also cause the lower teeth to bite the roof of the mouth causing discomfort.

Open bite

Open bites are caused when the front teeth do not close at all, while the back teeth are touching. This issue is caused by simple things such as thumb and pacifier sucking, tongue thrusting and jaw issues.

Increased Overjet

A type of overbite, but this time it’s caused by the front teeth being ahead of the lower teeth. Causes a horizontal gap between the front teeth. Increased overjet’s increase the chances of suffering tooth fractures.

It’s best to visit an orthodontist if you think your child is suffering any dental malocclusion’s and to follow the orthodontist’s advice on what treatments are recommended. Having your child’s dental issues treated earlier, reduces the chances of complex issues during their teen and adult life.

At iSmile Orthodontics located in Victoria, precisely in Bundoora, Mernda, and Caroline Springs; our team is passionate about helping all patients achieve their best dental hygiene. If you would like to know more about children’s orthodontics, or another orthodontic issue, or to book an appointment at iSmile Orthodontics, please click here.

Why is sugar so bad for our teeth?

Sugar is the cause, acid is the problem

The issue is that sugar itself isn’t the problem, it’s the cause of the problem. The bacteria in our mouth feeds off the sugar in foods and drinks we consume, which creates acid that attacks our teeth. This acid is the cause of enamel erosion, which can lead to cavities, infections, tooth decay and staining.


These acids begin a process called demineralisation, which is the leaching of minerals from our enamel. This causes erosion and damage to the protective layer of our teeth. This process happens every time we eat or drink products containing sugar.

Hard foods alongside acids are the most damaging to our enamel as biting down can cause cracks or chips to the enamel.


Did you know that enamel is the hardest substance in the human body, as it contains the highest percentage of minerals? It’s also critical for the survival of your teeth, as enamel coats our teeth with a protective layer to protect against plaque, acids and decay.

Enamel restoration

Weakened enamel, fortunately, can be restored to a better state by restoring the minerals.

Some ways to strengthen your enamel:

  • Stimulating the flow of saliva is important as it contains calcium and other minerals that coat our teeth, which helps to keep strong, healthy teeth.


  • Avoiding food and drinks that cause demineralisation to enamel, such as candy, soft drinks and other sweet foods/treats.


  • Using remineralising products such as fluoride containing water, food, toothpaste and other dental products.


  • Make sure you brush your teeth properly and at least twice a day.


  • Develop a healthy mineral rich diet containing whole grains, low-fat dairy products, fruits, vegetables and lean protein.

So, do you have a sweet tooth?

If so, remember that once your enamel is destroyed, it’s gone for good. So, protecting your enamel with good oral hygiene is important if you care about your oral health.

Sugar isn’t just bad for our oral health

In general, too much sugar is bad for our bodies. Sugar not only affects our teeth, but it also leads to other minor and dangerous health issues. Such as blood sugar problems, weight gain, diabetes, fatty liver disease, heart disease, slowed cognitive functions and increased risk of heart attacks.

Our friendly professional team at iSmile Orthodontics recommends you take care of your teeth and manage your daily sugar intakes as we care about you and your oral health. We offer a range of orthodontic treatments to both children and adults, including invisible braces, Invisalign and traditional metal braces. We believe straight teeth are easy to clean and lead to less issues.

We are based in Melbourne at three different locations including Caroline Springs, Bundoora and Mernda. We offer interest-free payment plans and your first initial consultation is absolutely free.

So if you have been looking to straighten your teeth, contact us to find out more information or to book a consultation.

The dangers of DIY braces and orthodontics

Orthodontists are warning against the dangers of DIY orthodontic treatments like DIY braces and aligners.

Orthodontists and dentists alike are warning Australians to avoid the allure of do-it-yourself braces and orthodontic treatment, out of concern that they are causing long-term damage to your smile. Not only do they risk exacerbating existing dental problems but could eventually lead to expensive remedial treatment.

What are DIY braces and orthodontics?

When we talk about DIY braces, we don’t mean home-made, Frankenstein-style contraptions of metal wires and rubber bands. Instead, the term describes orthodontic treatment that can be purchased over the counter or online and attempt to straighten with little to no professional supervision. These products sell the ability to straighten your teeth without the need for orthodontic supervision or the costs associated with traditional orthodontic treatment.

Typically, the patient will be given an impression kit to make a mould of your teeth, which are then sent to a lab for a set of clear aligners to be manufactured. These aligners then work to straighten your teeth using a similar method as Invisalign. The popularity of DIY dental treatments has skyrocketed in recent years thanks to unregulated and misleading promotion over social media.

What are the risks of DIY orthodontic treatment?

While DIY orthodontic treatments may seem significantly cheaper, there are a range of risks that patients expose themselves to. For example, if there are existing gum issues like gum disease or other undetected dental problems like broken fillings, these are likely to become exaggerated when the aligners start shifting your teeth.

Moreover, any orthodontic treatment that does not involve serious clinical examinations, x-rays or ongoing supervision should be a red flag to potential patients. For example, without initial and ongoing examinations of the jaw or mouth structure how your treatment be altered safely?

Some of the main risks of DIY braces include:

  • Aligners that do not fit your teeth or mouth properly
  • Damage to the underlying roots of your teeth
  • Recession of your gums
  • Undetected tooth decay, cavities or damage
  • Potential tooth loosening and/or tooth loss
  • Bite changes or exacerbation of malocclusion
  • Jaw muscle and joint pain
  • Relapse, where teeth move back into their original position

Despite the fact DIY orthodontics are a cheaper option, the heightened risk of dental and orthodontic complications further down the track means that you’ll likely have to spend significant sums for corrective procedures to repair the damage. Furthermore, many of the DIY companies operate on a set-and-forget model. In many cases, the aligners are manufactured in another country and if things don’t go to plan there is little you can do in terms of recourse.

Why is a professional orthodontist the best person to help straighten your teeth?

Successful orthodontic treatment is the foundation for great, long-term oral health. This is why it’s best to undergo treatment under the supervision of a qualified orthodontist.

Orthodontists have to undergo years of specialist training and have in-depth knowledge about how to safely and effectively move your teeth.

In Australia, orthodontists must:

  • Complete a registered degree in Dentistry
  • Complete at least two years of clinical experience prior to specialist training
  • Complete an accredited university degree in orthodontics
  • Receive specialist registration in the field of Orthodontics

You can even search your own practitioner on Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency’s online search tool. This is how you can be sure you’re getting treatment from a true professional.

In contrast, DIY orthodontic providers must have:

  • Access to a 3D printer

Orthodontic treatment under the supervision of a specialist orthodontist has a number of advantages. These include:

1.    Proper supervision of treatment

Moving teeth is a slow business and needs to be precise. Under our supervision, the movement of your teeth is tracked over the course of your treatment – using both in-person examinations and x-rays – to make sure that your teeth aren’t moving too fast or moving into the wrong position. This minimises the risk of damaging your gums, underlying bone or bite.

2.    Ensuring your orthodontics fit properly

Poorly fitted orthodontic treatments like DIY braces and aligners are more likely to cause serious discomfort and pain. This is a warning sign that your teeth are being moved improperly. As specialist orthodontists, we ensure your braces or aligners are properly fitted to your individual requirements.

3.    Lower risk of infection or relapse

As qualified orthodontists we ensure that the materials used are safe for each and every one of our patients. Moreover, we are able to assess and mitigate against any potential relapse of your teeth movement. This means you’ll only need one course of orthodontic treatment. This not only saves our patients from the grief of having to repeat treatments but is also less costly in the long run.

Orthodontics treatment at iSmile Orthodontics

If you’re looking at improving the look of your teeth and want the straight teeth to look, contact us and one of our experienced team members can discuss the options that are available for you.

Why choose Invisalign Teen aligners?

Invisalign aligners are becoming increasingly more popular because these appliances won’t stop you from living your life. Teens live in the present and it can feel overwhelming to have their reality disrupted with something that can seem as invasive as orthodontic appliances. It can also be very troublesome for teens to have to give up or at least reduce the amount of commitment towards certain activities that may become difficult or dangerous with bracket braces such as playing instruments, partaking in high impact sports, and performing etc.

What are Invisalign Teen aligners?

Invisalign aligners are a far less noticeable alternative to traditional metal braces. They’re essentially a mould of your teeth that are made out of a specifically made flexible, transparent plastic to fit over the teeth and guide them into a certain position. The treatment entails a series of appliances that will have to be worn for 20-22 hours of everyday and be switched out with a new appliance every 1-2 weeks. The length of the overall treatment, much like traditional braces, will be different for each patient.

How effective is Invisalign teen?

Invisalign braces are highly effective. In fact, when they are worn properly (20-22 hours out of each day) and consistently, they actually shift the teeth at a faster rate than traditional metal braces. Taking into account that teens can be busy and sometimes forgetful, Invisalign Teen aligners contain Blue Dot Wear Indicators, which will fade as the aligner becomes more worn and is ready to be changed. This provides the dentist with an approximate wear time of the appliance and therefore is a useful indicator to determine whether or not the appliance is being worn enough. Therefore, Invisalign is just as effective as normal braces when worn correctly.

Why choose Invisalign Teen?

  • Invisalign Teen is custom moulded to fit to your teeth and sits flat on your natural teeth. Therefore, it is safer to partake in high impact sports without worrying about cutting the inside of your mouth on metal brackets and wires. It is also much easier to continue with other after school activities that require the use of your teeth such as playing instruments and performing.
  • If you’re concerned about physical appearance, Invisalign Teen is a good option as it does not significantly change your physical appearance. Other than the fact that your teeth are becoming straight.
  • Considering the appliances are removable, it is much easier to do a thorough flossing and teeth brush without having to manoeuvre through permanent brackets and wires. If dental hygiene was already a previous struggle, Invisalign is a great option to keep the daily dental routine as simple as possible.
  • It is still possible to eat and drink whatever you want with Invisalign without having to worry about food getting stuck in the appliance as long as you remove it and keep it clean.
  • Additionally, the cost of choosing Invisalign Teen is very similar to that of traditional braces. Of course, only your dentist can determine the precise cost of the treatment as it is different for every patient depending on their dental needs, but typically, the treatments are similar in price.

Contact iSmile

The experienced team at iSmile dental offers the Invisalign Teen treatment as well as several other options. The team always takes the time to listen to your issues, concerns, and to discuss your dental expectations in order to find the best treatment suited to you. If you have any more questions about the Invisalign Teen treatment or would like to see whether or not Invisalign Teen would be best suited for your kids, contact our team here.

Do you know which celebrities have had braces?

Even celebrities require orthodontic treatment

Not all celebrities have always had the pearly white, straight teeth look. Just like the general public, they have also had to go through orthodontic treatment. 

Here is our list of top 5 Celebrities who have undergone orthodontic treatment.

Top 5 Celebrities with Braces


  • Tom Cruise


Even Maverick from Top Gun had to have braces. Back in 2002, multiple celebrity magazines snapped Tom Cruise sporting the look of wearing ceramic braces even at the prime age of 40. This made it less obvious he was undergoing orthodontic treatment.

Source: incomeworth


  • Emma Watson


Most people didn’t know Harry Potter star Emma Watson had orthodontic treatment when she was 15. Although the majority of people have to wear their braces for up to 2 years, Emma only had hers on for 4 months. This meant that she didn’t need them on during the filming of the 3rd and 4th Harry Potter movie. 

Source: Refinery29


  • Justin Bieber


Teen heartthrob Justin Bieber suffered from crowding of teeth during his youth. Since he had a very busy schedule with performing and writing new songs, he didn’t want to undergo a treatment that would have an impact on his lifestyle. With advice and a custom treatment plan created by his orthodontist, Justin decided to have Invisalign. 

Source: Women’s Day


  • Prince Harry and William


Even members of the Royal Family require braces for achieving straight teeth. Being in the spotlight regularly, you need to always look your best. Both Prince Harry and William had braces as teenagers. After numerous questions about their teeth by reporters, Harry and William had braces on their bottom teeth for at least 10 years.  

Source: Pinterest


  • Daniel Ricciardo 


Probably the biggest smile in the Formula 1 Paddock, Daniel Ricciardo hasn’t always had that big grin. He grew up with crooked and crowded teeth. Back in 2014, he had orthodontic treatment in the form of braces while racing Formula 1. 

Source: Smh

Orthodontic Treatments at iSmile Orthodontics

If you’re looking at improving the look of your teeth and want the straight teeth to look, contact us and one of our experienced team members can discuss the options that are available for you.